Sigurd Lewerentz – St Mark’s Church
“It was well into the detailed design of the project that, at an alcohol-inspired brain-storming session off Times Square in 1962, we decided on the name Fun Palace for our short-life conglomerate of disparate, free-choice, free-time, voluntary activities, planned as a public launching-pad rather than a Mecca for East London.” – Cedric Price
Precursor and inspiration to Renzo Piano and Richard Roger’s Centre Pompidou.
What is the equavalent of doctor’s famous Hippocratic Oath to uphold their ethical standard? Architects have the Vitruvian Virtues, while not strictly an oath it does provide an ethos for what architecture must do. Vitruvius is what Hippocrates to doctors, being a principal figure in the history of architecture, due to his contribution of a ten volume book titled De Architectura or The Ten Books on Architecture.
Vitruvian virtues asserts that architecture must have three qualities of firmitas, utilitas, venustas – simply translated as structure, function, form. To be structurally sound and durable, functional and comfortable and finally aesthetically beautiful.
“All these must be built with due reference to durability, convenience, and beauty. Durability will be assured when foundations are carried down to the solid ground and materials wisely and liberally selected; convenience, when the arrangement of the apartments is faultless and presents no hindrance to use, and when each class of building is assigned to its suitable and appropriate exposure; and beauty, when the appearance of the work is pleasing and in good taste, and when its members are in due proportion according to correct principles of symmetry.” – Vitruvius Pollio,
De Architectura, Chapter III: Orders of Architecture
How to build perforated brick screen / lattice brick wall
Perforated brick screen wall (or lattice wall) is great for having privacy and allowing views from a simple masonry construction. To lay out a basic flemish lattice bond, you can either cut the starter bricks in half or 2/3 bricks as displayed.
Piers are often required in free-standing brick walls for fencing or landscaping. Displayed are three ways of bonding or joining piers to single leaf brick wall.
ThinkBrick Australia – Technical Manual – Design of Free-Standing Clay Brick Walls
Rietveld Schroder House – Gerrit Rietveld
The Rietveld Schroder House is one of few houses designed in Dutch De Stijl art movement, featuring primary colors and emphasis of horizontal and vertical compositions.
Fallingwater – Frank Lloyd Wright
Best residential work by the great American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, designed above the falls and with the hearth centered on the bedrock where the Kauffmann used to picnic on. The cantilevered terrace over the falls is a significant structural feat, the workers were concerned during the removal of the scaffolding until Wright himself joined them.
This is a non-exhaustive bucket list of houses designed in the modern era that are judged in the following criteria;
The house’s mark on the history of architecture through cultural impact.
The house designed by a well recognized architect and each architect is limited to a single entry.
The house is unanimously acclaimed as beautiful in regards to form, context and craft.
The list might be updated and modified from time to time.
In no particular order;
1. Fallingwater / Frank Lloyd Wright
2. Villa Savoye / Le Corbusier
3. Farnsworth House / Mies van der Rohe
4. Villa Mairea / Alvar Aalto
5. Villa Malaparte / Adalberto Libera
6. Glass House / Philip Johnson
7. Douglas House / Richard Meier
8. Koshino House / Tadao Ando
9. House at Riva San Vitale / Mario Botta
10. Upper Lawn Pavillion / Alison & Peter Smithson